Endnotes

Intro

  1. Duncan, G. J., and Murnane, R. J. (Eds.). (2011). Whither opportunity?: Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances. (Executive Summary). The Russell Sage Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.russellsage.org/sites/default/files/Whither%20Opportunity_Executive%20Summary.pdf.
 
  1. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (2016). Digest of Education Statistics: 2015. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d15/tables/dt15_303.70.asp.
 
  1. Bleed, R. (2007). A Disruptive Innovation Arrives. EDUCAUSE Review, 42(1), 72-73.
 
  1. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (2016). Funding Down, Tuition Up: State Cuts to Higher Education Threaten Quality and Affordability at Public Colleges. Retrieved from http://www.cbpp.org/research/state-budget-and-tax/funding-down-tuition-up.
 
  1. Council on Government Relations Costing Committee (2014). Finances of Research Universities, June 2014 Version. Retrieved from https://www.rsp.wisc.edu/Finances_of_Research_Universities_June_2014_Version.pdf.
 
  1. City University of New York (2016). The Connected University, CUNY Master Plan 2016–2020. Retrieved from http://www2.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/page-assets/blog/cuny_reusable_comp/master-plan/CUNY_Master_Plan_15-FINAL.pdf.
 
  1. City University of New York, Office of Institutional Research and Assessment (2016). A Profile of Undergraduates at CUNY Senior and Community Colleges: Fall 2015. Retrieved from http://www2.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/media-assets/ug_student_profile_f15.pdf.
 
  1. The Graduate Center, City University of New York (February 2015). Recommendations on the Organization of the Doctoral Programs in the Natural Sciences.
 
  1. City University of New York (2016). The Connected University, CUNY Master Plan 2016–2020. Retrieved from http://www2.cuny.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/page-assets/blog/cuny_reusable_comp/master-plan/CUNY_Master_Plan_15-FINAL.pdf.
 
  1. National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (2015). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2015. Special Report NSF 15-311. Arlington, VA. Retrieved from https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2015/nsf15311/digest/nsf15311-digest.pdf.